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Honk if you love research: Classic car donation funds cancer studies (2007.08.09)
A Columbus philanthropist donates to Ohio State University's James Cancer Hospital, but not merely in dollars. In August, a unique collection of classic Rolls Royce cars will be auctioned to benefit cancer research.
Right on pitch: How sparrows learn to sing (2007.08.09)
Just like human children, young songbirds need to hear other birds to develop normal vocalizations. Unlike most sparrows, the diminutive grasshopper sparrow uses two different songs, which it memorizes in different ways. Researchers at Ohio State University's Borror Laboratory of Bioacoustics are working to find out how.
People and animals beat the heat at State Fair (2007.08.06)
With the heat index pushing 100 degrees in Columbus, the allure of state fair can also be a risky one. Today alone, the fair's first aid staff has tended to 18 heat-related incidents. Fair participants and visitors are taking extra precautions to keep themselves and their animals safe.
Endangered snake recovers on Lake Erie islands (2007.08.03)
An endangered snake is reclaiming a place on the shores of the Lake Erie islands. A long term study based at Ohio State University's Stone Lab on Lake Erie monitors the snake's numbers and habits, as well as its popularity among the islanders. The researchers' efforts have brought the snake back from the brink of extinction in less than a decade.
Alien fish bully Lake Erie bass (2007.08.02)
With millions of tons of cargo moving among the Great Lakes each season, it's easy for certain small passengers to go unnoticed. One of those was the round goby, a small bug-eyed fish from Eurasia that now swarms the shallow waters of Lake Erie. An ongoing study, based at Ohio State University's Stone Lab on Gibraltar Island, documents how the gobies jockey for a position in the lake's changing ecosystem.
Nanotechnology business comes to Columbus (2007.07.31)
A leading nanotechnology production company is moving to a new facility in Columbus, bringing with it high paying jobs. Texas-based Zyvex Performance Materials, or ZPM, will occupy a former mattress factory on the west side of the Ohio State campus.
Foiled by fractions: Children make more accurate comparisons than adults (2007.07.30)
Learning fractions in elementary school can be pretty traumatic but for all the gnashing of teeth, it turns out children are intuitively better than adults at comparing fractions. This ability comes from a youthful misperception of how numbers are spaced. In one context the misperception turns out to be helpful.
Ancient village escapes urban sprawl (2007.07.25)
What was prime real estate 800 years ago-- still is today. The ancient remains of early agricultural villages are disappearing beneath Ohio's strip malls and housing developments. But for one site, the backhoes are on hold. It's become an outdoor classroom for young archaeologists, and their discoveries reveal new details of the region's ancient cultures.
CSI Columbus: Students learn forensic science (2007.07.24)
A group of high school students is learning all about crime scene investigation during summer forensics camp. Ballistics, fingerprints, cadaver dogs, crime scene photography, and DNA analysis are among the topics in their action-packed schedule. Forensic camp students investigated a staged crime scene at Ohio State University's Waterman Farm on Lane Avenue.
Study measures cancer risk from cardiac CT scans (2007.07.17)
Doctors often order a cardiac CT scan to determine whether patients are at risk for heart attack. While early detection of arterial blockage can save lives, CT scans also expose patients to X-ray radiation. The radiation itself bears some risk of cancer. A new study by doctors at Ohio State University and Mount Sinai Medical Center found a way to measure that risk.
Landscapers embrace sustainable agriculture (2007.07.17)
In the search for secure and sustainable agriculture, some say organic isn't good enough. An alternative landscape design system known as permaculture creates complex local agro-ecosystems. Despite its hippie image in the U.S., scientists say permaculture works, and could be headed for the mainstream. Ohio's first-ever permaculture design certification course took place at a plant sanctuary in Meigs County.
How to grow a tidy nanoturf (2007.07.16)
Self-cleaning windows, no-fog glasses, and stain-free fabrics just came a step closer to reality. Researchers at Ohio State University have discovered a way to coat materials with a transparent layer of very well organized chemical structures that can attract or repel water or oil or conduct electricity.
Shocked tomatoes lose their skins (2007.07.11)
Researchers at Ohio State University found a new way to peel fruits and vegetables by placing them in an electric current. The discovery could make the food processing industry cleaner and more efficient. (wosu)
Invention makes jet engines quieter (2007.07.02)
With nearly seven million passengers moving through Port Columbus International airport every year, the jarring sound of airplane noise may be painfully familiar. NASA expects U.S. air traffic to double or triple by 2025, a projection that has engineers working hard to silence the roar. Engineers at Ohio State University have applied for a patent on technology called plasma actuators that could reduce jet noise.
Summer Mouse, Winter Mouse (2007.06.29)
Professor examines effects of day length on rodents.
Giant gun fires simulated space junk (2007.06.27)
Engineers in Dayton have developed a 45 foot long gun that uses compressed hydrogen and a pound of gunpowder to shoot aluminum pellets into a vacuum at 20 thousand miles per hour. It's taken them nine years of gradual progress and patience to get this one-of-a-kind gun working.
Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease passes first clinical trials (2007.06.21)
A new study shows that gene therapy could be a safe and effective treatment for Parkinson's disease. It also paves the way toward gene therapies for other disorders. The results of the study appear in the current issue of the medical journal The Lancet.
New Research Center Targets Infectious Disease (2007.06.20)
The case of a traveler with XDR tuberculosis recently served as a reminder of the urgent need for better diagnosis, management and treatment for infectious disease.
Exhibit reveals science of cartoons (2007.06.19)
Cartoons have come to COSI for the summer, where a temporary exhibit reveals the scientific secrets behind America's favorite animations.
Soy bean aphid arrives early to Ohio (2007.06.18)
The soybean aphid has arrived early to Ohio this year. This tiny insect threatens the yield of the state's number one field crop-- but it's not time to worry yet.
American Scientist back to top
In the News (Every issue)
This roundup summarizes some notable recent items about scientific research, selected from news reports compiled in Sigma Xi’s free electronic newsletters Science in the News Daily and Science in the News Weekly.Book Review: American Pests: The Losing War on Insects from Colonial Times to DDT (July-August, 2009)
July-August, 2010 link pdf
May-June, 2010 link pdf
March-April, 2010 link
January-February, 2010 link pdf
November-December, 2009 link pdf
September-October, 2009 link pdf
July-August, 2009 link pdf
May-June, 2009 link pdf
March-April, 2009 link pdf
An unfamiliar horde of hungry insects greeted the first Europeans to settle on American soil.
Free Upgrades, Unfortunately (November-December, 2006) link pdf
Contrary to infectious-disease dogma, the mutations that enable bacteria to resist antibiotics do not always result in weaker strains, according to a study published in the June 30 issue of the journal Science.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute back to top
Gilliam Fellow Profile: Krystal R. St. Julien (12 February, 2009)
Molecule Shuts Down Food Intake and Turns on "Siesta Mode" (26 November, 2008)
The Path to Self-Destruction: How Antibiotics Kill Bacteria (14 November, 2008)
News and Observer
A turn for the worms (30 September, 2006) pdf
Composting with worms pays off in more ways than one.
Dorm doodads (5 August, 2006) currently unavailable
What you really need.
NCSU News Services
Fruit fly aggression studies have relevance to human, animal populations (19 September, 2006)
Even the tiny, mild-mannered fruit fly can be a little mean sometimes – especially
when there’s a choice bit of rotten fruit to fight over. And, like people, some flies have
shorter tempers than others.
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Conservation and Evolutionary Relationships (video podcast) December, 2008
Conservation of an entire ecosystem is not always possible, but how can we decide which members of the ecocsystem are most important in maintaining a healthy ecosystem? Nick Haddad talks about a paper that provides an effective guideline to conservation of plants based on their evolutionary relationships.
Orang-utan charades August, 2007
Orang-utan gestures demonstrate how the "speaker" adjusts communication depending on the "listener's" comprehension.
Family tree? August, 2007
Plants can recognize their siblings and change their growing patterns in the presence of family.DNA Dumpster Diving July, 2007
Two studies hunt for useful junk in the human genome, and come up with different answers.
Giant penguins once swam the tropical seas July, 2007
Newly discovered fossils reshape the penguin family tree.
Ant highway repair June, 2007
Army ants forage faster when some workers use their bodies to plug "potholes".
Sexual selection under duress May, 2007
Safety from predators puts female crabs in the mood.
Monkey business April, 2007
Rhesus monkeys have told us a lot about ourselves over the course of medical and genetic research, and they're about to tell us even more.
From foe to friend April, 2007
Bacteria evolve quickly from insect parasites to mutualists.
Evolution in invisible life February, 2007
New methods reveal how habitat influences microbial evolution
While humans are trying to decide whether global warming really happening, plants are just trying to keep up with environmental changes.
Ancient skull raises questions about human evolution January, 2007
A recently discovered skull found in a cave in Europe displays both modern and Neanderthal traits, suggesting the two species may have hybridized.
Not just fertilizer... January, 2007
DNA extracted from bison feces reveals genetic differentiation.
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